Color Fill: screen printing an image and then Debossing it onto the vinyl's surface.
Debossing: depressing an image into a material's surface so that the image sits below the product surface.
Die Casting: injecting molten metal into the cavity of a carved die (a mold), to produce a custom product.
Die Striking: producing flat promotional products (usually medallions or coins) by striking a blank metal sheet with a hammer that holds the die.
Digitizing: a specialized process of converting two-dimensional artwork into stitches or thread. A particular format of art such as a jpeg, tif, eps, or bmp, cannot be converted into an embroidery tape. The digitizer must actually recreate the artwork using stitches. Then it programs the sewing machine to sew a specific design, in a specific color, with a specific type of stitch.
Embossing: impressing an image in relief to achieve a raised surface.
Embroidery: A design stitched onto a material through the use of high-speed, computer-controlled sewing machines. The design is reproduced with tightly-stitched thread. Artwork must first be "digitized" (see above) . Embroidery is most commonly used on logo patches and directly on some wearable. Fine detail can be difficult to achieve, and dependson the experience of the embroiderer and the fabric being imprinted.
Engraving: cutting an image into metal, wood or glass by one of three methods--computerized engraving, hand tracing, or hand engraving.
Etching: using a process in which an image is first covered with a protective coating that resists acid, then exposed, leaving bare metal and protected metal. The acid attacks only the exposed metal, leaving the image etched onto the surface.
Hot Stamp: setting a design on a relief die, which is then heated and pressed onto the printing surface.
Laser or Foil Stamp: applying metallic or colored foil imprints to vinyl, leather or paper surfaces.
Pad Printing: a recessed surface is covered with ink. The plate is wiped clean, leaving ink in the recessed areas. A silicone pad is then pressed against the plate, pulling the ink out of the recesses, and pressing it directly onto the product.
Personalization: imprinting an item with a person's name using one of several methods such as mechanical engraving, laser engraving, hot stamping, Debossing, sublimation, or screen printing, to name a few.
Screen Printing: an image is transferred to the printed surface by ink, which is pressed through a stenciled screen and treated with a light-sensitive emulsion. Film positives are put in contact with the screens and exposed to light, hardening the emulsion not covered by film and leaving a soft area on the screen for the squeegee to press ink through. (Also called silk screening)