In Terms of Color (a learning page)

  • CMYK: refers to Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and Black. It is a subtractive color model used in color printing process.
  • Four Color Process (4CP): color image is separated into 4 different color values (using filters and screens - usually done digitally). The result is a color separation of 4 images, that when transferred to printing plates and printed on a printing press with the colored inks cyan (blue), magenta (red, yellow and black, reproduces the original color image. These four colors can be combined to create thousands of colors.
  • Gray Scale: continuous tone image devoid of color consisting only of white to black shadings.
  • Halftone: a color or gray-scale image that has been converted into a series of large and small dots.
  • Multicolor: artwork containing more than one color.
  • Opacity: An ink’s ability to cover the underlying color of the substrate.
  • Pantone Matching System (PMS): a book of standardized color in a fan format used to identify, match and communicate colors in order to produce accurate color matches in printing. Each color has a coded number indicating instructions for mixing inks to achieve that color.
  • Pigment: a coloring agent used to absorb and reflect light to come up with color. It adds brightness to the substance.
  • Process Colors: Cyan, Yellow, Magenta and Black (CMYK).
  • RGB (Red, Blue and Green): primary colors which are used to transfer printing images into CMYK process.
  • Laissez les bon temps rouler! (pronounced lay-zay lay bon ton rule-ay)